How generally has it been claimed that a package sent by an automatic machine will be received straight at household? Since the stop of 2013, this previous catalon has come regularly to the ears of buyers. Corporations like Amazon, La Poste and and finally Cdiscount boast of acquiring carried out tests “crowned with accomplishment” or “a novel procedure of supply by drone in urban setting” . In quick, to be ahead of the future.

For organizations, it is who innovates very best, Amazon in brain. In 2013, the US online huge declared the development of Primary Air a investigate device focused to the supply by drone. This progress division intends to build a targeted visitors management computer software to make it possible for shoppers to receive their offers in no more than 30 minutes. Very last May perhaps, Amazon implanted Primary Air in France, at Clichy .

La Poste started its experiments in December 2014 since it “could not fail to analyze this know-how”, describes the direction. Currently, it is addressing the concern of the autonomy of these traveling devices. Since December 2016, the corporation benefits from a common industrial line of about fifteen kilometers in a rural place of ​​the Var, licensed by the DGAC (Common Directorate of Civil Aviation). A weekly take a look at is carried out in purchase to supply by drone an incubator of isolated organizations, notably in electronic factors. But ultimately, no illusion to be made: “The goal is not to make deliveries to people today . The human means [les facteurs, ndlr] are adequate. But we want to use the drone in difficult-to-achieve regions these as islands and mountains. “

For its component, Cdiscount, chief of non-food items e-commerce that belongs to the Casino group – and reached an boost of 11.5% in the 2nd quarter of 2017 – “ will make supply 1 of its Important axes of innovation “ . So it was reasonable that she made Pelican in June, for a price of a number of tens of millions of euros, to build the supply by drone. This time in the metropolis middle, involving warehouses and set assortment points. A 1st take a look at on a quick-haul airline in rural regions is anticipated to acquire put in the 2nd half of 2018. Cdiscount will then carry out supplemental tests with a extended line in urban regions. The advancement of Pelican is however topic to a number of constraints: the evolution of specialized progress and the evolution of the regulation.

Limited Authorizations

“France is ahead of the devices and laws” On the know-how aspect, France is 1 of the leaders, says Muriel Preux, director of the drone project at the DGAC: This leadership led her to experiment, but for now, the a French regulation is a brake. Absolutely, “the DGAC delivers quite easily authorizations of experimentation for excellent initiatives”, describes Thierry Vallat, law firm specializing in the regulation of drones. But finding more than this authorization is not uncomplicated since, by definition, these gadgets fly all over the place, which includes above densely populated regions or delicate installations. The law firm insists on this basic necessity: “We have to defend the individuals who are beneath.”

Muriel Preux remembers that “in regular aviation, there is a certification system to fly, which is a assurance of protection. This is not the case for drones. “ This is why the DGAC authorizes these experiments, in purchase to ” experienced know-how “ but stays really careful. ]

On the other hand, as early as 2018, the laws will “experienced” as nicely. For France will have to comply with an evolution of the European regulation in this matter, could be constrained and pressured”, Thierry Vallat. “In Europe, two camps oppose the industrial use of drones, specifies the law firm. The 1 who militates for a more adaptable regulation and that which defends a highest security. France is component of this 2nd camp. “

In summary, the prospect of supply by drone in the metropolis facilities is so remote now that 1 could wonder if the several organizations that guarantee this revolution are not only in the influence of announcement. For Thierry Vallat, no craft will fly above the agglomerations prior to ten or fifteen a long time. Potentially more promptly in rural regions. “To receive a parcel fallen from heaven straight in his yard, it is a science fiction impression”, assures on his aspect the law firm Véronique Rondeau. In the medium time period, it bets more on supply by autonomous auto. Thierry Vallat, he, “thinks in a terrestrial robot that would supply the parcels.” Like what, in the field of distribution, all the things is continue to possible.

          
          
            
  
  
     Jeanne Laudren
    
  

  
  

          
          
            

          
        

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